report by ALIVE concerning
"the bear protection project"
Fusako Nogami (ALIVE) 23d November 2002
measurement for the protecion
of bears in Japan
number of wild bears in Japan is
as follows; 8000 Japanese Black Bears
in Honshu and 2000 Brown Bears in
Hokkaido. However, from 15% to 20%
of these bears are killed every year
by hunting for the commercial use
of gall bladder and pest hunting
for damage control.
In Japan, about 1500 bears are kept in captivity and 1000 of these are kept
in bear farms.
farms are designed for the commercial
use of cubs that are left alone after
their mothers are killed by the spring
hunt, which is also called "pest hunting". Almost all of the facilities are managed in poor conditions without considering
the ecology and the habits of bears.
The protection of bears in Japan should be done with the combination of the
3 points below:
The protection and management of
wild individual groups
of their habitat(including investigation
of inhabitants conditions, plan of
recovery of natural forest)
of poaching and illegal capture (supervision
of hunting and pest hunting, preparedness
of activitiy by protection members
for birds and animals)
of mix capture (mistaken capture)(develpment
of escapable wired trap ,box type
of measurement for damage control
and the promotion of it (understanding
toward bears 'habitat, removal of
conditions that cause bears to come
to people's area , banishment etc)
ban of commercial use of captured
Ban of the commercial use of hunted individuals (the banning of profit for
of commercial use of hunted individual
bears (Itis impossibe to distinguish
from bears poached or captured illegaly.)
of ciculation and sales of all gall
bladders (Internationaly the trade
is being banned,however national
trade is not illegal.)
of the welfare of Captivity conditions.
The closure of bear farms that are in poor condition.
To decrease the number of bears in captivity and to enlarge the space of
bear enclosures. Also to divide female and male bears, provide birth control
of their environment (environment
of orphans and facilitate their return
to the wild. Also development of
ways for rehabilitation and promotion
thereof is needed.
project for protection of bears
2001, on November 16th, we established "a project for protection of bears "in a network of We have worked for the protection of bears for 1 year. However,this
network is a loose association of
individual groups. Therefore ALIVE
and JWCS are the main groups that
have worked against the problems
situation of activities that we
have planned for this year?
have aimed to inform people of
the real situation of bear protection
issues both nationally and internationally
In 2001, on December 1st,we held a symposium with the cooperation of WSPA.
At this symposium, many people from many areas who work for the protection
of bears attended as pannelers. They discussed the crisis of wild bears,
the bear bile industry, bear farms, the welfare of bears in captivity and
laws etc. and proposed how to resolve these problems.
2001, December, ALIVE made and delivered
leaflets that makes an appeal concerning
the crisis of extinction of bears
and the poor condition of bear farms.
In January of 2002, we promoted a campaign by making a set with 6 post cards
that has the addresses of the authorities and bear farms.
In June of 2002 along with the opening of the World Cup in both Japan and
Korea, in cooperation with WSPA we promoted a campaign by sending post cards
that make an appeal for the improvement or closure of bear farms.
November of 2002, at a symposium
by net work, we appealed of the nessecity
of a revision of law concerning hunting
and pest hunting.
have aimed to place specific bird
and animal protection and management
plan into the 9th birds and animals
protection working plan, made by
local authorities in order to help
the recovery bear local groups.
In January of 2002, we handed an opinion letter to authorities in Nagano
for a plan of protection and management of Japanese Black Bears in that prefecture
March of 2002, we handed an opinion
letter on the plan by Akita prefecture
concerning their protection and management
of Japanese Black Bears in that prefecture,
where they capture and kill bears
the most in Japan.
have aimed to voice our opinions
for making an important issue for
protection of bears put into the
national strategy of biodiversity.
In December of 2001, at a symposium by NGO aiming for the national strategy
of biodiversity we gave some opinions as follows, 1.mesurement for protection
of large mammal species, 2.how zoos should keep 3.control against keeping
In April of 2002,we handed an opinion letter as a public comment for the
national strategy of biodiversity.
4.We have aimed to do lobbying activities to put an important
issue for protection of bears into a revision of birds and animals protection
law at ordinary session of the Diet in 2002 (from January to June)
From April to June in 2002, we did lobbying activities at the House of Councilors
and the House of Representatives for a revision of the law. Moreover we stated
our opinions as witnesses.
Mr Sakamoto of JWCS gave an opinion
concerning the commmercial trade
of bear bile as a witness at the
House of Councilors and Ms.Nogami
gave an opinion concerning traps
while showing the photo pictures
of pest hunting of bears.
contents that were questioned and
answered are as follows;
of hunting bears
2.prohibition of pest hunting
3.control of traps (especially mistaken capture,evasion of excess capture)
4.abandonment of individuals that were captured and killed
5.prohibition of circulation of bear gall bladder etc.
6.an introduction of a system of an appeal for public contribution of birds
and animal protection members.
5.We have aimed to promote a campaign towards the protection of
bears targeting CITES meeting in Chile that was held in November of 2002.
and WSPA have investigated the real
situation of the commercial use of
bear gall bladder in Asia countries
including Japan and promoted a joint
have aimed to submit our opinion
for a revision of standards for
the exhibition of animals based
on the revised animal protection
In March of 2002, we made a basic draft of a legislation of animal protection
in Chiba prefecture in order to establish it. Moreover, we had a symposium
In October of 2002 we submitted our opinion to Aomori prefecture concerning
the establishment of a legislation of animal protection.The contents of our
opinion are strengthening of control over dangerous animals in a legislation,
strengthening of control over animal dealers etc.
7.We have aimed to submit opinions concerning alive individuals
that are pest hunted (such as young animals)and the adjustment of facilities
where individuals that should be rescued from poor condition facilities are
going to be kept.
In the 23d of November 2002, at a symposium we are going to conclude concerns
of the measurement after putting all problems in order.